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Functional Morphology. We use biomechanics and manipulative experiments to understand how plant
reproductive structures work.
Phylogeny. We use large molecular phylogenies to understand patterns of character evolution and their relationship to biogeography and diversification.
Reproductive Macroevolution. We combine data from fossils, living species, and functional morphology to understand conifer cone evolution.
Reproductive Complexity. We analyze patterns in the basic structure of plant reproductive structures at broad phylogenetic and temporal scales.